# Physics

## B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Degrees, Minor

### B.S., Physics

Physics, together with mathematics and chemistry, provides the foundation for work in all fields of the physical sciences and engineering and contributes greatly to other disciplines such as biosciences and medicine.

The undergraduate curriculum provides a solid foundation in classical and modern physics, with emphasis on both its experimental and theoretical aspects. A student completing this curriculum can be well-prepared for advanced study in physics and related sciences, and for other careers in industry, government or the private sector that require refined abilities in problem-solving.

The physics concentration represents the classical undergraduate physics curriculum, while the applied physics concentration provides a solid foundation in general physics with the flexibility to include applied or interdisciplinary coursework, aimed at e.g., engineering physics, biophysics or oceanography.

The atmospheric physics concentration is a solid foundation at the interface of physics, climate sciences and meteorology. The computational physics concentration is relevant for students seeking careers in any areas that require expertise in computational modeling and simulation of physical systems.

The technical management concentration provides an opportunity to combine basic knowledge of physics with an aptitude for leadership in business. Declared physics majors in good standing with appropriate grades, department mentoring and approval for some courses are, upon graduation, welcome to apply to the MBA program in UAF’s College of Business and Security Management.

Minimum Requirements for Physics Bachelor's Degree: 120 credits

Learn more about the bachelor’s degree in physics, including an overview of the program, career opportunities and more.

### M.S., Ph.D., Physics

Advanced study at the graduate level is offered in various areas of physics and applied physics, including many of the research specialties found at the UAF’s Geophysical Institute. Faculty and student research programs currently emphasize space physics, infrasonics, complex dynamics of nonlinear systems, ice physics and condensed matter physics.

The M.S. degree with computational physics concentration provides expertise in advanced computing environments, in the relevant mathematical foundations and in the specific physics discipline. It is directed toward students with undergraduate academic backgrounds in physics or other closely associated fields, such as engineering, that have the appropriate physics coursework. This degree is relevant for students seeking careers in any areas that require expertise in computational modeling and simulation of physical systems.

The M.S. degree with space physics concentration focuses on the physics of upper atmospheres, ionospheres, magnetospheres and the interplanetary medium. It includes core physics courses and specialty courses in space physics, aeronomy, magnetospheric and auroral physics, and advanced plasma physics. The specialty courses support graduate research with faculty members at UAF’s Geophysical Institute and include areas such as numerical simulations and time-series analysis. Additional courses such as radiative transfer and physics of fluids provide added breadth.

Minimum Requirements for Physics Degrees: M.S.: 30-33 credits; Ph.D.: 18 thesis credits

### Ph.D., Space Physics

Space physics focuses on the physics of upper atmospheres, ionospheres, magnetospheres and the interplanetary medium. It includes core physics courses and specialty courses in space physics, aeronomy, magnetospheric and auroral physics, and advanced plasma physics. The specialty courses support graduate research with faculty members at UAF’s Geophysical Institute, and include areas such as numerical simulations and time-series analysis. Additional courses such as radiative transfer and physics of fluids provide added breadth.

Minimum Requirements for Space Physics Doctorate Degree: 18 thesis credits

## Degrees

- B.S., Physics
- M.S., Physics
- M.S., Physics with concentration in Computational Physics
- M.S., Physics with concentration in Space Physics
- Ph.D., Physics
- Ph.D., Space Physics

## Minor

## Physics (PHYS)

**PHYS F102X Energy and Society** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Exploring the concept of energy. Investigation of the sources, conversion, distribution and ultimate dispersion of energy, as well as the consequences of its use in the development and maintenance of modern society. May be used to fulfill part of the natural science requirement. Designed for non-science majors.

**Prerequisites:** Placement in WRTG F111X; placement in MATH F105.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F115L PHYS F115X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F115X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F115X Physical Sciences** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Basic concepts and general overview in physics. Presents interrelatedness and interdependence within this scientific field.

**Prerequisites:** Placement in WRTG F111X; placement in MATH F105.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F115L.

**Recommended:** MATH F105.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F123L PHYS F123X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F123X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F123X College Physics I** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Algebra-based introduction to classical physics, including: kinematics, Newton's laws, momentum, work, energy, gravity, rotational motion, fluids, heat, temperature, laws of thermodynamics. The laboratory part is integrated in the course.

**Prerequisites:** High school algebra, trigonometry and geometry; placement in WRTG F111X; placement in MATH F105.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F123L.

**Special Notes:** Additional topics include oscillations and waves.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F124L PHYS F124X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F124X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F124X College Physics II** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Algebra-based introduction to classical physics, including: Coulomb's law, electrical potential, electric circuits, capacitance, Kirchhoff's laws, magnetic fields, Faraday's law, electromagnetic waves, physical and geometric optics, waves and particles. The laboratory part is integrated in the course.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F123X; placement in WRTG F111X; placement in MATH F105.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F124L.

**Special Notes:** Additional topics include atomic and nuclear physics.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F165L PHYS F165X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F165X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F165X Introduction to Astronomy** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Examination of the science of astronomy and its social consequences, with an emphasis on the interrelationships between astronomy and other sciences. Topics include astronomical concepts and tools, earth-based and satellite observation of light, the solar system, stellar astronomy and cosmology.

**Prerequisites:** Placement in WRTG F111X; placement MATH F105.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F165L.

**Special Notes:** A laboratory part is integrated into the course.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F211L PHYS F211X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F211X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F211X General Physics I** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall and Spring

Calculus-based introduction to classical mechanics, including: kinematics, Newton's laws, momentum, work, energy, gravity, rotational motion, oscillations, and fluids. The laboratory part is integrated into the course.

**Prerequisites:** Concurrent enrollment in MATH F252X; placement in WRTG F111X.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F211L.

**Recommended:** One year of high school physics.

**Special Notes:** Additional topics include waves.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F212L PHYS F212X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F212X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F212X General Physics II** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall and Spring

Calculus-based introduction to classical physics, including: Coulomb's law, electrical potential, electric circuits, capacitance, Kirchhoff's laws, Biot-Savart law, Faraday's law, and electromagnetic waves. Additional topics include thermodynamics. The laboratory part is integrated into the course.

**Prerequisites:** Concurrent enrollment in MATH F253X; PHYS F211X or ES F208 or concurrent enrollment in ES F210; placement in WRTG F111X.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F212L.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F213L PHYS F213X Laboratory**

0 Credit

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F213X.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Non-Graded

**PHYS F213X Elementary Modern Physics** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Geometrical and physical optics, elementary-level modern physics including special relativity, atomic physics, nuclear physics, solid-state physics, elementary particles, simple transport theory, kinetic theory and concepts of wave mechanics.

**Prerequisites:** Placement in WRTG F111X; MATH F252X; MATH F253X; PHYS F211X; PHYS F212X.

**Co-requisites:** PHYS F213L.

**Attributes:** UAF GER Natural Science Req

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F220 Introduction to Computational Physics** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Introduction to computational techniques for solving physics problems. The computer is used as a tool to provide insight into physical systems and their behavior in all areas of physics.

**Prerequisites:** MATH F253X; PHYS F211X; PHYS F212X; PHYS F213X.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F301 Introduction to Mathematical Physics**

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Introduction to theoretical foundations of classical and modern physics. Includes calculus of vector fields, linear algebra, elementary tensor theory, complex analysis, ordinary and partial differential equations, fourier analysis and probability. Physical applications include planetary motion, rotating bodies, damped and driven harmonic oscillator, wave equation, Schroedinger's equation and diffusive systems.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F211X; PHYS F212X; PHYS F213X; MATH F253X.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 4 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F341 Classical Physics I: Particle Mechanics**

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Newtonian mechanics, conserved mechanical quantities, motion of systems of particles, rigid body statics and dynamics, moving and accelerated coordinate systems, rigid body rotations and Lagrangian mechanics.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F211X; PHYS F212X; PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 4 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F342 Classical Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism**

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Statics and dynamics of electric and magnetic fields in vacuum and in the presence of materials. Lorentz force law. Maxwell's equations.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F341.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 4 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F343 Classical Physics III: Vibration and Waves**

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Normal modes and small vibrations, continuum systems, wave mechanics, electromagnetic waves and radiation. Relativistic mechanics and electromagnetism.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F342.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 4 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F351 Thermal Physics**

2 Credits

Offered Spring

Classical macroscopic thermodynamics; systems and states, equations of state, the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their consequences, entropy, enthalpy, Helmholtz and Gibbs functions, equilibrium, Maxwell's relations.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F212X, PHYS F220, PHYS F301, PHYS F341.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 2 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F381 Physics Laboratory** (n)

3 Credits

Offered Fall

Laboratory experiments in classical and modern physics.

**Prerequisites:** COM F131X or COM F141X; PHYS F213X; WRTG F111X; WRTG F211X, WRTG F212X, WRTG F213X or WRTG F214X.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 6 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F382 Physics Laboratory** (n)

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Laboratory experiments in classical and modern physics.

**Prerequisites:** WRTG F111X; WRTG F211X, WRTG F212X, WRTG F213X or WRTG F214X; PHYS F381.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 6 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F400 Capstone Project**

0 Credit

Offered Fall and Spring

Course to be taken during semester of initiating a capstone project. Project must include communication of study intent, methods, results, interpretation and conclusions. It may consist of undergraduate research, independent study with a faculty member, or participation in the international University Physics Competition. Course duration may exceed one semester.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Pass/Fail Grades

**PHYS F413 Atmospheric Radiation**

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Atmospheric radiation including the fundamentals of blackbody radiation theory and radiative properties of atmospheric constituents. Discussion of gaseous absorption including line absorption, broadening effects and radiative transfer. Includes scattering, radiative properties of clouds and radiation climatology.

**Prerequisites:** ATM F401 (may be taken concurrently).

**Cross-listed with** ATM F413.

**Stacked with** PHYS F613; ATM F613.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F421 Quantum Mechanics** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Fall

Schrodinger's equation, Born interpretation, operator formalism, measurement and projection, stationary states, one-dimensional systems, hydrogen atom, states of definite angular momentum, perturbation theory.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F213X; PHYS F220; PHYS F301; PHYS F341.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 4 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F451 Statistical Physics**

2 Credits

Offered Spring

The canonical ensemble; maximizing entropy, the partition function and Helmholtz free energy, the harmonic oscillator, Einstein and Debye solids, classical systems and the ideal gas, diatomic molecules, equipartition theorem, the photon gas and the blackbody spectrum, the grand canonical ensemble, quantum statistics, Fermion and Boson systems.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F342, F351, F421.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 2 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F462 Geometrical and Physical Optics** (n)

4 Credits

Offered Spring

Geometrical optics, interference and diffraction theory, nonlinear optics, Fourier optics, and coherent wave theory.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F213X; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F471A Advanced Topics in Physics I: Condensed Matter Physics I** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Emphasis topics provide increased breadth in basic physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471B Advanced Topics in Physics I: Condensed Matter Physics II** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Emphasis topics provide increased breadth in basic physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471C Advanced Topics in Physics I: Space and Auroral Physics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Emphasis topics provide increased breadth in basic physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471D Advanced Topics in Physics I: Nonlinear Dynamics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471E Advanced Topics in Physics I: Biophysics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471F Advanced Topics in Physics I: Nuclear and Particle Physics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471G Advanced Topics in Physics I: General Relativity** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471H Advanced Topics in Physics I: Astrophysics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471I Advanced Topics in Physics I: Topics in Modern Mathematical Physics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to unlimited credits

**PHYS F471J Advanced Topics in Physics I: Order of Magnitude Physics**

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

By avoiding mathematical complexity, order-of-magnitude techniques increase our physical understanding and allow us to study difficult or intractable problems. Students will learn how to do so and apply these techniques to problems in fluid mechanics, biophysics, astrophysics, and/or other applications.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F471M Advanced Topics in Physics I: Machine Learning and Applications**

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to machine learning and applications. 14-lecture, one-credit courses. Python knowledge is required for taking this class.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472A Advanced Topics in Physics II: Planetary Atmospheres** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Application topics provide expanded exposure to subjects in physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472B Advanced Topics in Physics II: Fluid Dynamics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Application topics provide expanded exposure to subjects in physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472C Advanced Topics in Physics II: Plasma Physics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Application topics provide expanded exposure to subjects in physics. Three topics are offered within the fall and spring semesters of each academic year as compressed 14-lecture, one-credit courses.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472D Advanced Topics in Physics II: Hamiltonian Mechanics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472E Advanced Topics in Physics II: Physics of Glaciers** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472F Advanced Topics in Physics II: Remote Sensing** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472G Advanced Topics in Physics II: Solar Physics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472H Advanced Topics in Physics II: Advanced Laboratory** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472I Advanced Topics in Physics II: Spectroscopy** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472J Advanced Topics in Physics II: Cosmology** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472K Advanced Topics in Physics II: Quantum Computation** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472L Advanced Topics in Physics II: Covariant Kinematics/Dynamics** (n)

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F472Z Advanced Topics in Physics II: Current Topics in Physics**

1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

Advanced topics modules provide expanded exposure to modern subjects in physics. Three topics are offered each semester, providing breadth beyond the core subjects of the physics undergraduate curriculum. This course will present most current material from one particular topic in physics, to be determined at the time of the offering.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F220; PHYS F301.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken 2 times for up to 2 credits

**PHYS F488 Undergraduate Research**

1-3 Credits

Offered Fall, Spring and Summer

Advanced research topics from outside the usual undergraduate requirements.

**Prerequisites:** Permission of instructor.

**Recommended:** A substantial level of technical/scientific background.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken 98 times for up to 294 credits

**PHYS F605 Physics Teaching Seminar/Practicum**

1 Credit

Offered Fall and Spring

This course will give science graduate students both lectures and hands-on training in dealing with all aspects of teaching, focused on but not exclusive to the Teaching Assistant level. Course topics include teaching pedagogy, preparation strategies, student management, time management and learning assessment.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing in a science discipline.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 1 + 0 + 1

**Grading System:** Pass/Fail Grades

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken 2 times for up to 2 credits

**PHYS F611 Mathematical Physics I**

3 Credits

Offered Fall

Mathematical tools and theory for classical and modern physics. Core topics: Linear algebra including eigenvalues, eigenvectors and inner products in finite dimensional spaces. Infinite series. Hilbert spaces and generalized functions. Complex analysis, including Laurent series and contour methods. Applications to problems arising in physics. Selected additional topics, which may include operator and spectral theory, groups, tensor fields, hypercomplex numbers.

**Prerequisites:** graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F612 Mathematical Physics II**

3 Credits

Offered Spring

Continuation of Mathematical Physics I; mathematical tools and theory for classical and modern physics. Core topics: classical solutions to partial differential equations of electromagnetism, classical and quantum mechanics. Boundary value problems and Sturm-Liouville theory. Green's functions and eigenfunction expansions. Integral transforms. Orthogonal polynomials and special functions.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F611.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F613 Atmospheric Radiation**

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Atmospheric radiation including the fundamentals of blackbody radiation theory and radiative properties of atmospheric constituents. Discussion of gaseous absorption including line absorption, broadening effects and radiative transfer. Includes scattering, radiative properties of clouds and radiation climatology.

**Prerequisites:** ATM F601 (may be taken concurrently); graduate standing.

**Cross-listed with** ATM F613.

**Stacked with** PHYS F413; ATM F413.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F614 Ice Physics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

A survey of the physics of ice. Topics will include the crystal structure and properties of ice, high pressure phases, hydrogen bonding, mechanical, thermal, electrical and acoustic properties, nucleation and growth, and optical and surface properties (adhesion, friction).

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Cross-listed with** GEOS F614.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F621 Classical Mechanics**

3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Lagrange's equations, two-body problem, rigid body motion, special relativity, canonical equations, transformation theory, and Hamilton-Jacobi method.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F622 Statistical Mechanics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Classical and quantum statistics of independent particles, ensemble theory and applications.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F621; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F625 Inverse Problems and Parameter Estimation**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

An inverse problem uses observations to infer properties of an unknown physical model. This course covers methods for solving inverse problems, including numerous examples arising in the natural sciences. Topics include linear regression, method of least squares, estimation of uncertainties, iterative optimization, and probabilistic (Bayesian) and sampling approaches.

**Prerequisites:** MATH F253X; MATH F314.

**Cross-listed with** GEOS F627.

**Stacked with** PHYS F625.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 2 + 3 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F626 Fundamentals of Plasma Physics**

3 Credits

Offered Fall

Single charge particle motion in the electromagnetic fields, plasma kinetic theory, Vlasov equations for collisionless plasmas, magnetohydrodynamic equations, linear plasma waves and instabilities, nonlinear plasma waves and instabilities.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F627 Advanced Plasma Physics**

3 Credits

Vlasov description of small amplitude waves in magnetized plasmas, advanced particle orbit theory, fluctuation and incoherent scattering theory, plasma discontinuities and collisionless shocks, weak turbulent theory, statistical theory of turbulence.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F626; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F628 Digital Time Series Analysis**

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Applied time series analysis, including correlation, convolution, filtering and spectral estimation of multivariate data. The statistical properties of estimators; signal detection; and array processing.

**Prerequisites:** experience in programming; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F629 Methods of Numerical Simulation in Fluids and Plasma**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The fundamentals of computer simulation for fluids and multi-particle systems. Topics include methods for the discretization of numerical solutions, and boundary and initial conditions. Methods will be applied to convection, diffusion, and steady states in fluids and plasmas.

**Prerequisites:** Experience in programming; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F631 Electromagnetic Theory**

3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, Maxwell's equations, and potentials. Lorentz equations, field energy, gauge conditions, retarded potentials, waves, radiation and tensor formulations.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F632 Electromagnetic Theory**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, Maxwell's equations and potentials. Lorentz equations, field energy, gauge conditions, retarded potentials, waves, radiation and tensor formulations.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F631; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F639 InSar and Its Applications**

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to the concepts of repeat-pass spaceborne SAR interferometry. Practical use of the technique to derive displacements of the solid earth, glaciers and ice sheets to a precision of a few centimeters and accurate digital elevation models of the Earth's surface.

**Prerequisites:** Basic remote sensing course.

**Cross-listed with** GEOS F639.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 2 + 2 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F640 Auroral Physics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Survey of aurora phenomena, the associated physical processes, and techniques used to investigate the aurora. Includes electron and proton impact spectra; physical processes that accelerate and precipitate electrons and protons; auroral currents; ionospheric effects of auroral activity; and principles for ground-based satellite spectroscopy and imaging and the measurements of magnetic and electric fields.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F647 Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics**

3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Introduction to the mechanics of fluid systems, the fundamental processes, Navier-Stokes' equations in rotating and stratified fluids, kinematics, conservation laws, vortex motion, irrotational flow, laminar flow, boundary layer phenomena, waves, instabilities, turbulent flows and mixing.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Cross-listed with** ATM F647.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F648 Nonlinear Dynamics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Introduction into the dynamics of nonlinear systems. Continuous and discrete dynamical systems, stability analysis, bifurcations, limit cycle, chaos and strange attractors, fractals and dimension algorithms, controlling chaos, synchronization processes, and stochastic dynamical systems.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F650 Aeronomy**

3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

The physical and chemical processes that govern the response of planetary atmospheres to solar radiation and energetic particles. Formation of and characteristic processes in the layers within the ionosphere and basic magneto-ionic theory. Includes principles of remote sensing by lidar and radar techniques.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F651 Quantum Mechanics**

3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Schrodinger's equations, operator formalism, correspondence principle, central force problems, perturbation theory, quantum statistical mechanics, and applications of quantum mechanics to collision problems, radiation and spectroscopy.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F652 Quantum Mechanics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Schrodinger's equations, operator formalism, correspondence principle, central force problems, perturbation theory, quantum statistical mechanics, and applications of quantum mechanics to collision problems, radiation and spectroscopy.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F651; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F672 Magnetospheric Physics**

3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

The physics and dynamics of Earth's magnetosphere. Discusses the magnetosphere as a test bed for microscopic plasma processes equilibrium configurations, plasma instabilities, highly nonlinear eruptive plasma processes, and global dynamics which involve the interaction of various regions of the magnetosphere. Introduction to various aspects of magnetospheric physics with a systematic discussion of the various elements of the magnetosphere, their structure and dynamics, and a discussion of the relevant plasma physics.

**Prerequisites:** PHYS F626; graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F673 Space Physics**

3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Plasma physics of the heliosphere from the solar core to the interstellar medium. Includes coronal structure, interplanetary magnetic field and solar wind, shocks, interactions with planets, planetary magnetospheres, cosmic rays, solar-terrestrial relations and instrumentation.

**Prerequisites:** Graduate standing.

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 3 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Letter Grades with option of Plus/Minus

**PHYS F692P Seminar**

1 Credit

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Pass/Fail Grades

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to 99 credits

**PHYS F698 Non-thesis Research/Project**

1-9 Credits

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Pass/Fail Grades

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to 99 credits

**PHYS F699 Thesis**

1-12 Credits

**Lecture + Lab + Other:** 0 + 0 + 0

**Grading System:** Pass/Fail Grades

**Repeatable for Credit:** May be taken unlimited times for up to 99 credits

## Dr. Ataur Chowdhury

Associate Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

archowdhury@alaska.edu

907-474-6109

118 Reichardt BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Condensed Matter physics, nanotechnology

## Dr. Mark Conde

Associate Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

mgconde@alaska.edu

907-474-7741

706F Elvey BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Auroral processes and space weather

## Dr. Peter A. Delamere

Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

padelamere@alaska.edu

907-474-6442

108 Reichardt BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Comparative magnetospheric physics with emphasis on the numerical simulation of space plasmas using hybrid (kinetic ion, fluid electron) and multi-fluid techniques

## Dr. Michael Hull

Assistant Professor of Physics, Physics Academic Advisor

mmhull2@alaska.edu

907-474-6106

120 Reichardt BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Patterns and variability in student reasoning, particularly in relation to emotional state and views about the nature of physics knowledge and learning

## Dr. David Newman

Professor (Retired from teaching 2022)

denewman@alaska.edu

907-474-7858

112 Reichardt BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Complex systems, turbulence, nonlinear dynamics and fusion plasma physics

## Dr. Chung-Sang Ng

Associate Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

cng2@alaska.edu

907-474-7367

706E Elvey BuildingSpecial Interests/Research: Theoretical and computational plasma physics, with applications in space and fusion plasmas

## Dr. Martin Truffer

Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

Department Chairmtruffer2@alaska.edu

907-474-5359

401 Elvey Bldg

## Dr. Renate Wackerbauer

Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

rawackerbauer@alaska.edu

907-474-6108

106 Reichardt BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Complex temporal and spatiotemporal dynamics, Stochastic dynamical systems, Nonlinear time series analysis and Modeling of biological systems: coupled (biological) oscillators/circadian rhythms/neuron dynamics

## Dr. Wang Xu

Term Assistant Professor

wxu3@alaska.edu

110 Reichardt BldgSpecial interests/Research: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Compton light source and its application. (Future: Arctic Physics and its application)

## Dr. Hui Zhang

Professor, Physics Academic Advisor

hzhang14@alaska.edu

907-474-5914

708D Elvey BldgSpecial Interests/Research: Space Plasma Physics, Magnetospheric Physics, Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interaction