Geology and Geophysics (GEOS)

GEOS F101X      The Dynamic Earth      (n)
4 Credits

An introduction to how the Earth works and the geophysical and geochemical basis for our understanding of the Earth, emphasizing Alaskan examples. A course theme is that the Earth is changing around us, at a variety of scales. In all laboratory exercises students collect, analyze and interpret data, including that generated by a variety of geochemical and geophysical tools. Includes at least one field exercise in the Fairbanks area and an opportunity to observe freshly-poured lava.

Prerequisites: Placement in WRTG F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F103      Landscps/Resources Of Ak
3 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F104      Principles of Geology
3 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F106X      Life in the Age of Dinosaurs      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Promote a broader understanding of deep time through an examination of life and environments during the Mesozoic, or "Age of Dinosaurs." Discussions and exercises will focus on major events and processes that shaped the physical environments of the Mesozoic, such as the formation and break up of continents, global climate, and changing sea levels. Building on this foundation, the course will examine the fossil record to learn what it reveals about the major patterns in the diversity of terrestrial and marine life. Special emphasis will be placed on the origin, extinction, and paleobiology of dinosaurs. Important groups of contemporary vertebrates and invertebrates, including marine reptiles, mammals, flying reptiles, and ammonites will also be examined. The rise of flowering plants and the importance of fossil floras in understanding Mesozoic climates will be explored. Labs will provide opportunities to examine and identify fossils and use them to reconstruct ancient environments.

Prerequisites: Placement in WRTG F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F112X      The History of Earth and Life      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Historical geologic interpretation, geologic time scale, stratigraphic record and interpretation. Sedimentation and plate tectonics, fossil record and utilization, biostratigraphy, and geologic evolution of the North American continent. Lab examination of fossils, interpretation of geologic maps and stratigraphic columns.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X; placement in WRTG F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F120X      Glaciers, Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Past, Present and Future      (n)
4 Credits

A survey course for the nonspecialist on the causes, effects, measurements and prediction of glaciers, earthquakes and volcanoes.

Prerequisites: Placement in WRTG F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F190      The Geology of Wine
2 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

This course explores the relationship between geology, climate, and viticulture. Aspects of geology that influence landscape, soil development and climate are evaluated in reference to their effects on wine-growing regions. The geology, tectonic setting, soil and climate of individual wine-growing areas will be explored through lectures, discussions, class projects/presentations, and lab wine tastings.

Prerequisites: Student must be 21 years of age to enroll.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1.5 + 0.5 + 0

GEOS F192      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F212      Geology of Alaska      (n, a)
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Modern geologic processes in Alaska as a basis for understanding past geologic evolution of the region. The origin and recovery of Alaska's petroleum and mineral resources will be discussed. For non-majors.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F213      Mineralogy      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Mineral chemistry, atomic structure, elementary crystallography, optical crystallography and descriptive and determinative mineralogy. Instrumental determinative techniques (x-ray diffraction, petrographic microscope).Prerequisites or co-requisites: CHEM F105X; GEOS F101X; MATH F151X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 6 + 0

GEOS F214      Petrology and Petrography      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Origin, occurrence and classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory work involves hand lens identification and thin section examination of representative rocks.

Prerequisites: GEOS F213.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 6 + 0

GEOS F222      Fundamentals of Geospatial Science
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

This course is an introduction to the principles and applications of geospatial science (remote sensing, GIS and GPS). Fundamental concepts include electromagnetic radiations, map projections, basic computer science, data formats, map-reading and map-making, etc. Practical exercises include field data collections using GPS, photo-interpretation using image processing and GIS software packages.

Prerequisites: GEOG F111X or GEOS F101X or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F222.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2.5 + 1.5 + 0

GEOS F225      Field and Computer Methods in Geology      (n)
2 Credits

Basic field methods, including field notes, topographic maps, measurement of structural elements, field safety, illustration, field mapping, and the use of GPS for field work are discussed and practiced. Use of computers for processing geologic field data and analytical data, and integration of field data into a simple Geographic Information System. Computers are used for the production of reports and technical illustration. This course will fulfill the department requirement for computer literacy.Co-requisites: GEOS F214; or GEOS F262.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F262      Rocks and Minerals
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Physical properties of minerals and rocks, classification, mode of occurrence and economic applications. Labs on recognition and measurement of physical properties. Course may not be used to satisfy degree requirements in geology or geological engineering.

Prerequisites: GE F261, GEOS F101X or equivalent.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F292      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

GEOS F292P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

GEOS F304      Geomorphology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Surface features of the Earth and the processes which create or modify them. Application to Quaternary history, environmental science and related fields. Laboratory examination of topographic maps and aerial photographs, introduction to geomorphic measurements.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F309      Tectonics      (W)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

In-depth exploration of the theory of Plate Tectonics including plate boundary interactions--which trigger volcanoes and earthquakes, form mountain belts and oceans--via geochemistry, sedimentology, geophysics and structure. Understanding the creation and evolution of the lithosphere and mantle, how we detect tectonic processes and how present tectonic environments help reconstruct ancient crustal events.

Prerequisites: WRTG F211X or WRTG F213X; GEOS F112X; GEOS F214 or GEOS F262 (either may be taken concurrently).

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F314      Structural Geology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Introductory overview of how rocks are deformed, types of geological structures including folds, faults and penetrative fabrics, and the associations of structures characteristic of different tectonic settings. Provides background in structural geology. Emphasis in the laboratory on examples and techniques that are broadly applicable in geology, especially the interpretation of geologic maps.

Prerequisites: GEOS F322 or concurrent enrollment in GEOS F214; MATH F152X; PHYS F103X or PHYS F211X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F315      Paleobiology and Paleontology      (W, n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Survey of the history of life on Earth as represented in the fossil record. Contribution of paleontology to the study of evolution, past environments and paleogeography; biostratigraphically important invertebrate fossil groups and their temporal ranges; evolution of terrestrial flora and fauna; current issues in paleontology. Emphasis on recognition of major fossil groups and paleontological problem solving in labs and assignments.

Prerequisites: BIOL F103X or BIOL F115X or GEOS F112X; WRTG F111X; WRTG F211X or WRTG F213X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F317      Paleontological Research and Laboratory Methods      (O)
2 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Introduction to the research methods in paleontology. This course covers the fundamentals of fossil preparation, digital techniques for imaging and analyzing paleontological data, and discusses the current theory and practice of curation of fossil material in a museum setting. Common techniques for presenting research results to a scientific and public audience are also covered, with an emphasis on oral presentations. Labs emphasize practical experiences in the methods and presentation of research.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X and GEOS F112X or permission of the instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F320      Sedimentology for Geological Engineers
3 Credits

Origin, classification, composition, transportation, deposition and diagenesis of sediments. Emphasis on sedimentary processes, sedimentary petrology and interpretation of ancient sedimentary rocks. Laboratory covers identification and description of hand specimens as well as techniques of textural and compositional analysis. Not intended for geoscience majors and does not substitute for GEOS F322. Special fees apply.Co-requisites: GEOS F213.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F322      Stratigraphy and Sedimentation      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Analysis and interpretation of sedimentary rocks in stratigraphic successions based on comparison with features found in modern depositional environments. Application of the principles of facies analysis and litho-, bio-, sequence, and chronostratigraphy in surface and subsurface examples. Emphasis in the laboratory on interpretation of depositional environments based on lithofacies, biofacies and sedimentary structures and correlation of stratigraphic sequences using surface and subsurface data.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X or GE F261; GEOS F112X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F332      Ore Deposits and Structure
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Distribution and characteristics (especially mineralogy, morphology, and structure) of major mineral deposit types with background on structural techniques. Emphasis on application to mineral exploration and development. Laboratory exercises stress recognition of major mineral deposit types, zoning and grade patterns; and use of structural techniques in mineral deposit exploration/development.

Prerequisites: GEOS F262 or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 6 + 0

GEOS F339      Maps and Landscape Analysis      (n, n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

This course will build student knowledge and practical experience regarding the visualization and mapping of landform evolution in response to Earth surface processes. A semester long research project will allow students to gain experience in the collection and use of a variety of datasets and equipment used in landscape analysis including ground penetrating radar, real-time-kinimatic GPS, Drones and GIS. Overnight field trip required. Special fees apply.

Prerequisites: GEOG F111X; GEOS F304; or permission of instructor.

Crosslisted with GEOG F339.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F351      Field Geology      (W, n)
8 Credits

Offered Summer Odd-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Practical experience in a variety of field settings collecting and presenting basic geologic field data. Includes field mapping of stratigraphic and structural problems using topographic maps, airborne and satellite images. Students will prepare geologic maps in a variety of tectonic and lithologic settings and develop written reports detailing the geologic history for several study areas. Exercises in collection and use of geophysical data as an aid to geologic mapping. Hiking off trails in a variety of terrains with up to 2,000 vertical feet of elevation gain per day. Course fees cover transportation and subsistence outside of Fairbanks. Entrance by preregistration only; apply through the department. Early registration recommended.

Prerequisites: GEOS F214; GEOS F225; GEOS F309; GEOS F314; GEOS F315; GEOS F322; permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 8 + 0 + 0

GEOS F370      Sedimentary and Structural Geology for Petroleum Engineers      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Origin and distribution of sedimentary rocks including depositional environments, stratigraphic relationships and structures. Emphasis on the relationship to petroleum occurrences and petroleum exploration. Laboratory exercises on mapping, structural problems and facies relationships in petroleum exploration.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X or GE F261.

Cross-listed with PETE F370.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F375      Oral Communication Skills for Geoscientists
1 Credit

Offered As Demand Warrants

This course will give you skills and practice in oral communication, especially as applied to professional geology. The course will provide a comfortable environment for students to develop and improve their skills both in creating and delivering oral presentations. The specific focus will vary with the instructor.

Prerequisites: COJO F131X or COJO F141X; GEOS F225; junior standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0.5 + 0 + 1.5

GEOS F380      Geological Hazards
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Survey of natural hazards and the disasters they cause, with emphasis on geological hazards in Alaska. Investigation of hazardous phenomena, prediction and mitigation. Topics to include: earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, weather/climate, and asteroid impacts. Provides a foundation in basic geological hazards related to science, suitable for use in teaching, communications, policy and emergency management careers.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X or GEOS F120X or GEOS F106X or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F392      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F392P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 6 + 0

GEOS F398      Research
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F401      Invertebrate Paleontology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Study of invertebrate phyla with extensive geologic records. Emphasis on principles of biostratigraphy and paleoecology, application to geologic problems and case studies from Alaska. Laboratory study of fossil assemblages with emphasis on stratigraphically significant groups. Designed to complement GEOS F322.

Prerequisites: GEOS F315 or permission of instructor.

Recommended: GEOS F322.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F406      Volcanology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Physical processes of volcanism. Topics include physical properties of magmas, eruption mechanisms, deposition mechanism and volcanic hazards. Emphasis on explosive volcanism and its products, pyroclastic rocks. Geochemistry and petrology will not be emphasized in this course.

Prerequisites: GEOS F101X or GEOS F120X; MATH F251X; PHYS F103X or PHYS F211X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F408      Photogeology      (n)
2 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Use of topographic maps, geologic maps, aerial photographs and satellite imagery in interpretation of geological structures, landscapes, landforms and geomorphic processes. Techniques included are map compilation, photo mapping, statistical treatment of map data and composite mapping for planning.

Prerequisites: GEOS F304 or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F417      Introduction to Geochemistry      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Application of chemical principles and elemental/isotopic behavior to the study of the Earth. Topics include: aqueous geochemistry, high-temperature mineral-elemental chemistry, isotopic chemistry, kinetics and thermochemistry.

Prerequisites: CHEM F106X; GEOS F322 or CHEM F202.

Stacked with GEOS F618.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F419      Solid Earth Geophysics
3 Credits

Offered Alternate Fall

Concepts and techniques of geophysics including origin of the Earth, its structure and large scale dynamic processes responsible for its surface features. Geophysical techniques including seismology, gravity and magnetic methods are discussed along with measurements of the Earth's thermal structure, rotation rates, and tidal effects.

Prerequisites: MATH F251X; PHYS F104X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F422      Geoscience Applications of Remote Sensing      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Remote sensing and its applications to geologic, environmental and physical sciences. Includes physical principles, digital image processing and hands-on project experience using satellite images for mapping and change detection. Course is not available for audit.

Prerequisites: PHYS F104X or PHYS F212X; junior standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F428      Elementary Scanning Electron Microscopy
1 Credit

Offered Spring

Basic theory and operating procedures for scanning electron microscopy. Includes sample preparation, imaging and qualitative elemental analysis. Biological and nonbiological applications are covered.

Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F628.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0.5 + 1.5 + 0

GEOS F430      Statistics and Data Analysis in Geology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Computer-supported geologic applications of elementary statistics, Markov chains, time-series analysis, trend-surface analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and multiple regression.

Prerequisites: GEOS F225; STAT F200X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F431      Foundations of Geophysics
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Applications of continuum mechanics, heat flow theory, and potential theory to geophysical, geologic and glaciological problems. Topics such as postglacial rebound, non-Newtonian fluid flow, thermal convection, stress-relaxation, rheology of earth materials, gravity, and magnetics will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on methods and tools for solving a variety of problems in global and regional geophysics and the geophysical interpretation of solutions.

Prerequisites: GEOS F318, MATH F302, and MATH F314 or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F631.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F436      Beyond the Mouse: Computer Programming and Automation for Geoscientists
2 Credits

Offered Fall

Basic concepts of computer programming and effective automation of tasks using a computer, with an emphasis on tools and problems common to the geosciences and other physical sciences. Use of MATLAB, shell scripting and various command line tools for data analysis, making scientific figures, maps and visualizations.

Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission of the instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F636.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F438      Basin Analysis
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examines sedimentary basins as a record of subsidence. Review and discuss techniques used to image basin stratigraphy as well as the quantitative techniques which can be used to recover basin history.

Prerequisites: GEOS F322 or GEOS F370.

Recommended: GEOS F314; GEOS F416; GEOS F418.

Stacked with GEOS F638.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F452      Quaternary Seminar
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Learning about the Quaternary Period (relatively recent past--spanning the past two million years) in order to gain a better understanding of the landscape, biota and climate of the present day. Quaternary studies are concerned with the historical dimension of the natural sciences. This seminar will range widely over diverse interdisciplinary subjects of Quaternary interest, such as paleoclimatology, paleobiogeography, vertebrate paleontology and sedimentology.

Prerequisites: GEOS F304; GEOS F315; GEOS F322.

Cross-listed with ANTH F451.

Stacked with GEOS F651; ANTH F651.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F453      Palynology and Paleopalynology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Survey of the evolutionary record of palynomorphs and their uses in biostratigraphy and paleoclimatology. Focus on evolution of palynomorphs from Precambrian to the present and concurrent evolutionary developments of producing plants. Use of Quaternary palynofloras in reconstructing global climates. Labs involve collection of herbarium specimens, processing of fossil palynomorphs, study of type slides and a survey of palynofloras from each geologic period.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X or GEOS F315; senior standing.

Stacked with GEOS F653.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F456      Paleopedology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

A survey course focusing on the recognition and use of paleosols (fossil soils) as paleoenvironmental indicators, stratigraphic markers and in paleogeographic reconstructions from Precambrian to Holocene. Examination of theories of soil formation, major soil processes and approaches to soil classification. Review of geochemical, mineralogical, morphological and micromorphological techniques. Use of paleosols for paleolandscape evolution and basin analysis. Geological, tectonic, archaeological and environmental applications of paleosols are discussed.

Prerequisites: GEOS F322 or GEOG F111 or NRM F380 or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F656.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F458      Applications of GPS and GIS in Geophysics      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to geospatial problems in volcanology, glaciology, environmental mapping and other geophysical disciplines. Landscape classification, linear regression modeling, and manipulation of geodatabases using ESRI's ArcGIS software. Use of model builder and Python scripting to automate geospatial processing. Hands-on experience with recreational, mapping and survey-grade GPS receivers. Differential correction of GPS solutions using real-time and post-processing methods. Course is not available for audit.

Prerequisites: GEOG/NRM F338 or equivalent; or permission of instructorStacked with GEOS F658.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F460      The Dynamic Alaska Coastline
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Alaska's diverse coastal system provides abundant ecosystem services and globally important resources. This course provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the dynamic coastal landscape of Alaska from Southcentral to the Arctic, and delves into the driving geological, oceanographic and climate processes shaping Alaska's past and present coastline. Through a semester long research projects students will learn how to measure and map coastal changes associated with natural and human perturbations. An overnight field trip will serve as an active learning opportunity to integrate course knowledge with hands-on field work.

Prerequisites: Junior standing; GEOG F111X or GEOS F101; CHEM F105X or PHYS F103X; NRM F338 or equivalent GIS coursework.

Cross-listed with GEOG F460.

Stacked with GEOS F660; GEOG F660.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F462      Glacial & Periglacial Geology      (O, n)
4 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F463      Glacial and Periglacial Geology      (O, n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Glaciers and their geological processes. Emphasizes recognition and understanding of glacial landforms, sediments and stratigraphic relations, and implications for paleoclimatology and paleogeography. Includes non-glacial techniques and methods for interpreting Quaternary sediments.

Prerequisites: COJO F131X or COJO F141X; GEOS F304.

Stacked with GEOS F663.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F475      Presentation Techniques in the Geosciences      (O, W)
2 Credits

Offered Fall

Instruction and practice in oral and written communication skills specifically related to the geosciences. Oral and written presentation of abstracts, resumes, proposals and reports required. Works critically analyzed by instructor(s) and peers for both geoscience content and communication effectiveness.

Prerequisites: COJO F131X or COJO F141X; WRTG F111X; WRTG F211X or WRTG F213X; senior standing; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F675.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F477      Ice in the Climate System      (O, n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Earth's cryosphere includes seasonal snow, permafrost, sea ice, mountain glaciers and ice sheets. This course will cover the formation of each of these forms of snow and ice and their response to changing environmental conditions. Interdisciplinary perspectives allow study of the role snow and ice plays within the Arctic system (including atmosphere, ocean and ecosystems), with an emphasis on Alaska. The cryosphere will also be placed in context of the global climate system. Course will include instructor and peer feedback.

Prerequisites: PHYS F103X or PHYS F211X; MATH F251X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F478      Ice Age Alaska      (a)
3 Credits

An overview of the paleoenviroments of Alaska including climate, glacier and biotic history including humans. Emphasis on events of the past that have left important legacies on present landscapes. The course begins with two weekend field trips and then surveys key literature describing Alaska's ice-age history. The focus is on Alaska and the Yukon, but topics will range more widely into other parts of the Arctic and its adjacent seas.

Prerequisites: Senior standing in anthropology, biological Sciences, Earth science, geography, geoscience, or northern studies; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F478.

Stacked with GEOG F678; GEOS F678.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F482      Geoscience Seminar
1 Credit

A weekly seminar, given by guest speakers, on a topic in geosciences. Students are expected to complete written summaries of the seminars.

Stacked with GEOS F682.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 0 + 0

GEOS F483      Research Design, Writing and Presentation Methods      (O, W, n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

This course is designed as a capstone research and professional development course for geography, natural resources management and geoscience majors. Students will focus on designing an individual research project and proposal. This course will provide real world active learning assignments that seek to integrate the knowledge and skills gained through undergraduate work, and prepares students for graduate and professional level projects. The course is writing intensive and will focus on scientific writing, and the oral, written and graphical presentation of data and research results.

Prerequisites: COJO F131X or COJO F141X; WRTG F211X or WRTG F213X; at least one writing intensive course designated (W); junior standing.

Cross-listed with GEOG F483.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F485      Mass Extinctions, Neocatastrophism and the History of Life
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-Numbered Years

In-depth analysis of the literature regarding mass extinction, focusing on evidence for catastrophes and impact on the uniformitarian paradigm. Effects of mass extinctions on the evolutionary history of extant and fossil animals and plants will be explored through readings from classic and current literature in paleontology. The course will emphasize critical reading and application of scientific methods to reconstruction of geologically rapid events in deep time.

Prerequisites: GEOS F322 and GEOS F315W, or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F486      Vertebrate Paleontology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The study of vertebrate evolution through geologic time. Covers the temporal range, diversity and systematics of major vertebrate groups as documented in the fossil record, with an emphasis on current problems in vertebrate evolutionary pattern and process. Labs emphasize comparative morphology and identification of major vertebrate groups.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310 or GEOS F315 or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with BIOL F486.

Stacked with GEOS F686; BIOL F686.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F488      Undergraduate Research
1-3 Credits

Advanced research topics from outside the usual undergraduate requirements.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.

Recommended: A substantial level of technical/scientific background.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F492      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F492P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F499      Geology and Geophysics Senior Thesis
3 Credits

This course is intended for talented students to explore geology or geophysics more deeply through research under the mentorship of a faculty member in the department.

Prerequisites: Geology and Geophysics major with senior standing and a GPA of 3.2 or higher, completion of a minimum of 2 credits of GEOS F488 on a project approved by faculty mentor and department chair, and submission of a proposal approved by faculty mentor and department chair.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F600      Introduction to X-ray Spectrometry
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Theory of X-ray spectrometry, qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis. Mechanics of electron, microprobe and X-ray fluorescence analysis. Applicable to geologic, materials science and biologic samples. Required for use of the microprobe at UAF.

Prerequisites: PHYS F212X; STAT F300; GEOS F417; graduate standing in the sciences or engineering; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F602      Geophysical Fields
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Introduction to the application of potential theory and its associated mathematical tools to fields of geophysical interest, namely gravity, magnetics, and heat flow. Emphasis will be placed on methods and tools for solving a variety of problems in global and regional geophysics, and the geophysical interpretation of solutions.

Prerequisites: MATH F421 and MATH F422 and permission of instructor; or graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F604       Seismology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Sources of ground motion including focal mechanisms, magnitude and propagation of waves within the earth. Measurement of seismic data by analog and digital techniques and subsequent treatment of seismic data by various techniques including inversion.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F605      Geochronology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Application of the most commonly used radiometric dating methods to geologic problems. Fundamentals of the K-Ar, Rb-Sr, fission-track, U-Th-Pb and C methods. Laboratory training in K-Ar and fission-track dating techniques.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F606      Volcanology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Physical processes of volcanism. Topics include physical properties of magmas, eruption mechanisms, deposition mechanism and volcanic hazards. Emphasis on explosive volcanism and its products, pyroclastic rocks. Geochemistry and petrology will not be emphasized in this course.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F607      Advanced Paleomagnetism
2 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F611      Advanced Structural Geology and Tectonics
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

An advanced course providing an in-depth treatment of specific aspects of structural geology and tectonics. Topics to be considered in different semesters include tectonics and sedimentation, mountain belts of the world, structural analysis, structural geology of a specific tectonic setting (such as fold-and-thrust belts or rifts), (E) active tectonics and topography, (F) structural interpretation of seismic reflection data, and (G) other special topics in structural geology or tectonics. Note: Course may be repeated for different topics up to three times for credit.

Prerequisites: GEOS F314; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F612      Geologic Evolution of Alaska      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

An overview of the geological provinces of Alaska and neighboring continental and oceanic regions. Emphasis will be on the geologic history and tectonic evolution of Alaska.

Prerequisites: GEOS F314 and GEOS F322; OR graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F613      Global Tectonics
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

An advanced course dealing with tectonic theory. Emphasis on plate tectonics with discussions of the evidence supporting the plate hypothesis and the interaction of plates both past and present.

Prerequisites: GEOS F314 and GEOS F322; OR graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F614      Ice Physics      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

A survey of the physics of ice. Topics will include the crystal structure and properties of ice, high pressure phases, hydrogen bonding, mechanical, thermal, electrical and acoustic properties, nucleation and growth, and optical and surface properties (adhesion, friction).

Prerequisites: MATH F421 and MATH F422 and permission of instructor; OR graduate standing.

Cross-listed with PHYS F614.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F615      Sea Ice      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

A study of sea ice in the natural environment including sea ice properties and processes on the micro-scale and the macro-scale, freezing processes and sea ice growth, ice decay and ice dynamics.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F616      Permafrost      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Study of the occurrence, thickness, environmental problems, and mass and energy transport of permafrost, including soil and ice interaction, freezing and thawing processes, and mechanical and electrical properties and processes.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F617      Glaciers      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

The mechanisms responsible for the existence, motion and variations of present-day glaciers and ice sheets, the paleoclimate information they contain and their role in engineering hydrology.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F618      Introduction to Geochemistry
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Application of chemical principles and elemental/isotopic behavior to study of the Earth. Topics include: aqueous geochemistry, high-temperature mineral-elemental chemistry, isotopic chemistry, kinetics and thermochemistry.

Prerequisites: CHEM F106X; GEOS F322 OR CHEM F331 and CHEM F332; graduate standing.

Stacked with GEOS F417.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F619      Advanced X-ray Spectroscopy
2 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Advanced X-ray techniques. Topics include preparation of unusual samples, quantification methods, x-ray mapping and classification, and error analysis. Each student will develop a project to explore the limits of x-ray analysis.Note: Course may be repeated three times for credit.

Prerequisites: GEOS F600 or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F620      Geodynamics
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Applications of continuum mechanics and heat flow theory to geophysical, geologic and glaciological problems. Topics such as postglacial rebound, non-Newtonian fluid flow, thermal convection, stress-relaxation and the rheology of earth materials will be discussed.

Prerequisites: MATH F421 and MATH F422 and permission of instructor; OR graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F621      Advanced Petrology
4 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

A detailed treatment of various aspects of petrology. Specific topics to be considered in different semesters include metamorphic petrology, igneous petrology, and igneous and metamorphic petrography. Each time the course is offered, only one topic will be presented.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F621B      Adv Petrology:Igneous Petrolgy
3-4 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2-3 + 3-6 + 0

GEOS F621C      Advanced Petrology
3-4 Credits

An advanced course providing a detailed treatment of various aspects of petrology. Specific topics to be considered in different semesters include: (A) metamorphic petrology, (B) igneous petrology, and (C) igneous and metamorphic petrography. Each time the course is offered, only one topic will be presented.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing and permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2-3 + 3-6 + 0

GEOS F622      Digital Image Processing in the Geosciences
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Image processing and analysis techniques as they relate to remote sensing and other applications in the geosciences. Apart from lectures and demonstrations, the advantages and drawbacks of different methods and approaches and their applicability to geoscience problems will be evaluated through exercises and a course project.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F626      Applied Seismology
4 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Presentation of modeling techniques for earthquakes and Earth structure using wave propagation algorithms and real seismic data. Covers several essential theories and algorithms for applications in seismology, as well as the basic tools needed for processing and using recorded seismograms. Topics include the seismic wavefield (body waves and surface waves), earthquake moment tensors, earthquake location and seismic tomography. Assignments require familiarity with vector calculus, linear algebra and computational tools such as Matlab.

Prerequisites: MATH F253X; MATH F314; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F627      Inverse Problems and Parameter Estimation
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

An inverse problem uses observations to infer properties of an unknown physical model. One example is how seismometer recordings can be used to infer the location of an earthquake. This course covers inverse theory and methods for solving inverse problems, including numerous examples arising in the natural sciences. Topics include linear regression, method of least squares, discrete ill-posed inverse problems, estimation of uncertainties, iterative optimization, and probabilistic (Bayesian) and sampling approaches. Assignments and computational laboratory exercises require familiarity with linear algebra and computational tools such as Matlab.

Prerequisites: MATH F253X; MATH F314; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with PHYS F625.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F628      Elementary Scanning Electron Microscopy
1 Credit

Offered Spring

Basic theory and operating procedures for scanning electron microscopy. Includes sample preparation, imaging and qualitative elemental analysis. Biological and non-biological applications are covered.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F428.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0.5 + 1.5 + 0

GEOS F629      Geologic Hazards and Natural Disasters
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examination of hazardous geologic processes which produce natural disasters, including volcanism, tectonism, flooding, etc. Includes scientific approaches to evaluating the magnitude and probability of risk from future hazardous events.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F631      Foundations of Geophysics
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Applications of continuum mechanics, heat flow theory, and potential theory to geophysical, geologic and glaciological problems. Topics such as postglacial rebound, non-Newtonian fluid flow, thermal convection, stress-relaxation, rheology of earth materials, gravity, and magnetics will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on methods and tools for solving a variety of problems in global and regional geophysics and the geophysical interpretation of solutions.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing.

Recommended: GEOS F318; MATH F302; MATH F314.

Stacked with GEOS F431.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F633      Environmental Geochemistry
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Advanced topics and methods in chemistry of aquatic and soil environments. Detailed treatment of the thermodynamic, kinetic and structural principles involved in the description and modeling of low-temperature aqueous geochemical systems. Particular emphasis will be placed on heterogenous interactions, including dissolution/precipitation, sorption and microbial processes, involved in the partitioning, transformation and transport of chemical species in the environment.

Prerequisites: ENVE F641 or GEOS F618 or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with CHEM F609.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F635      Advanced Economic Geology
1-4 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

An advanced course providing an in-depth treatment of various aspects of economic geology. Specific topics will be considered in different semesters. They include ore microscopy, industrial minerals, economics of minerals, geochemistry of ore deposits, modern fossil fuel exploration and detailed study of particular ore deposit type. Each time the course is offered, only one topic will be presented.May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-4 + 3 + 0

GEOS F635D      Geochemistry of Ore Deposits
1-4 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-4 + 3 + 0

GEOS F635F      Adv Econ Geology:Ore Deposits
1-4 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-4 + 3 + 0

GEOS F636      Beyond the Mouse: Computer Programming and Automation for Geoscientists
2 Credits

Offered Fall

Basic concepts of computer programming and effective automation of tasks using a computer, with an emphasis on tools and problems common to the geosciences and other physical sciences. Use of MATLAB, shell scripting and various command line tools for data analysis, making scientific figures, maps and visualizations.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing.

Stacked with GEOS F436.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F637      Rock-Forming Minerals
4 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examination of the rock-forming minerals; their structure and composition. Application of mineral data to problems in geochemistry, petrology and ore deposits. Laboratory involves analysis of minerals by various analytical techniques.

Prerequisites: GEOS F417 and permission of instructor; or graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F638      Basin Analysis
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examines sedimentary basins as a record of subsidence. Review and discuss techniques used to image basin stratigraphy as well as the quantitative techniques which can be used to recover basin history.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F438.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F639      InSar and Its Applications
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to the concepts of repeat-pass spaceborne SAR interferometry. Practical use of the technique to derive displacements of the solid earth, glaciers and ice sheets to a precision of a few centimeters and accurate digital elevation models of the earth's surface.

Prerequisites: Basic remote sensing course or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with PHYS F639.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 2 + 0

GEOS F640      Petrology of Carbonate Rocks
4 Credits

Offered Spring As Demand Warrants

Origin, depositional environments, diagenesis and classification of limestones, dolostones and related rocks.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F643      Sandstone Depositional Environments
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Sedimentary depositional environments treating the hydrodynamics, sediment dispersal patterns and preservation potential of modern terrigenous clastic depositional environments and criteria for recognizing their ancient counterparts in the geologic record.

Prerequisites: GEOS F322 and GEOS F421; or graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F647      Advanced Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
3 Credits

Offered Spring As Demand Warrants

Various topics in sedimentology and stratigraphy. Specific offerings to be presented at various times include sequence stratigraphy and sea-level analysis, paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic analyses, sandstone petrology, thermal maturation and geohistory analysis of sediments.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F651      Quaternary Seminar
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Seminar about the Quaternary Period (relatively recent past -- spanning the past two million years) in order to gain a better understanding of the landscape, biota and climate of the present day. Quaternary studies are concerned with the historical dimension of the natural sciences. This seminar will range widely over diverse interdisciplinary subjects of Quaternary interest, such as paleoclimatology, paleobiogeography, vertebrate paleontology and sedimentology.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with ANTH F651.

Stacked with ANTH F451; GEOS F452.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F653      Palynology and Paleopalynology
4 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Survey of the evolutionary record of palynomorphs and their uses in biostratigraphy and paleoclimatology. Focus on evolution of palynomorphs from Precambrian to the present and concurrent evolutionary developments of producing plants. Use of Quaternary palynofloras in reconstructing global climates. Labs involve collection of herbarium specimens, processing of fossil palynomorphs, study of type slides and a survey of palynofloras from each geologic period.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F453.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F654      Visible and Infrared Remote Sensing
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

In-depth coverage of the principles, physics, sensor technology, processing and applications of remote sensing in the visible and infrared region, including but not limited to electromagnetic spectrum, radiation laws, spectral signatures, atmospheric interactions, temperature emissivity estimation, analysis and feature extraction from data sets. The laboratory part of the course will provide hands-on experience on special processing techniques, and the possibility of using these techniques for a student-defined term project in areas of geology, volcanology, glaciology, hydrology, environmental sciences, etc.

Prerequisites: GEOS F422 or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F655      Tectonic Geodesy
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Introduction to modern space geodetic methods and details their application to the study of active earth processes such as plate tectonics, fault mechanics and volcanology. Includes space geodesy methods such as global positioning system, as standard geophysical tools for the study of earthquakes, active tectonics and volcanology.

Prerequisites: MATH F314; MATH F421; MATH F422; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F656      Paleopedology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

A survey course focusing on the recognition and use of paleosols (fossil fuels) as paleoenvironmental indicators, stratigraphic markers and in paleogeographic reconstructions from Precambrian to Holocene. Examination of theories of soil formation, major soil processes and approaches to soil classification. Review of geochemical, mineralogical, morphological and micromorphological techniques. Use of paleosols for paleolandscape evolution and basin analysis. Geological, tectonic, archaeological and environmental applications of paleosols are discussed.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F456.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F657      Microwave Remote Sensing
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The principles and applications of active and passive microwave remote sensing with emphasis on spaceborne remote sensing of the Earth's atmosphere, land and oceans. The laboratory section will provide hands-on experience on special processing techniques, and the possibility of using these techniques for a student-defined term project in areas of geology, volcanology, glaciology, hydrology, environmental sciences, etc.

Prerequisites: GEOS F422 or equivalent.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 2 + 0

GEOS F658      Applications of GPS and GIS in Geophysics
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to geospatial problems in volcanology, glaciology, environmental mapping and other geophysical disciplines. Landscape classification, linear regression modeling, and manipulation of geodatabases using ESRI's ArcGIS software. Use of model builder and Python scripting to automate geospatial processing. Hands-on experience with recreational, mapping and survey-grade GPS receivers. Differential correction of GPS solutions using real-time and post-processing methods. Course is not available for audit.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F458.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F660      The Dynamic Alaska Coastline
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Alaska's diverse coastal system provides abundant ecosystem services and globally important resources. This course provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the dynamic coastal landscape of Alaska from Southcentral to the Arctic, and delves into the driving geological, oceanographic and climate processes shaping Alaska's past and present coastline. Through a semester long research projects students will learn how to measure and map coastal changes associated with natural and human perturbations. An overnight field trip will serve as an active learning opportunity to integrate course knowledge with hands-on field work.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F660.

Stacked with GEOG F460; GEOS F460.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F663      Glacial and Periglacial Geology      (a)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Glaciers and their geological processes. Emphasizes recognition and understanding of glacial landforms, sediments and stratigraphic relations, and implications for paleoclimatology and paleogeography. Includes non-glacial techniques and methods for interpreting Quaternary sediments.

Prerequisites: GEOS F304 or graduate standing.

Stacked with GEOS F463.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

GEOS F666      Scientific Teaching
2 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

This course explores methods for teaching science at the university level. Emphasis is placed on methods of course design, instructional techniques, assessment and course management that have been shown by research to improve student learning. This course is intended for graduate students in the sciences who have an interest in improving their teaching skills. The course format will be a mixture of discussion, workshops and seminars. If the course is over-enrolled, priority will be given to teaching assistants who are assigned to teach large, introductory level (100 or 200 level) courses during the semester they are taking this course.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of the instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

GEOS F670      Selected Topics in Volcanology
1-3 Credits

Offered Fall

Survey course in subjects relating to volcanology. Possible subjects include, but are not limited to, eruption dynamics, geophysics of eruptions, volatiles in volcanic systems, modeling volcanic systems. May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: GEOS F621 and GEOS F417; or graduate standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F671      Volcano Seismology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Survey of seismic behavior of volcanoes. Topics include instrumentation, terminology, swarms and their attributes, high-frequency events, volcanic explosions, volcanic tremor, attenuation and velocity structure, cycles of activity, eruption forecasting, detection of magma chambers, case studies and selected topics. Oral and written student presentations will be required.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F675      Presentation Techniques in the Geosciences
2 Credits

Offered Fall

Development of oral and written presentation skills in the geological sciences with emphasis on the critical analysis of both peers and the instructor(s). Oral and written presentations of abstracts, resumes, proposals and reports.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing.

Stacked with GEOS F475.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

GEOS F676      Remote Sensing of Volcanic Eruptions
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Focuses on the use of satellite images to detect, monitor and mitigate volcanic hazards, and to understand eruption processes. Thermal anomalies, volcanic clouds and surface morphological features will be discussed in the lecture and test cases analyzed in the laboratory. Satellite data include GOES, AVHRR, MODIS, ASTER, Landsat and SAR. Course may be repeated twice for credit.

Recommended: GEOS F422 or equivalent Remote Sensing Class or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F678      Ice Age Alaska      (a)
3 Credits

An overview of the paleoenviroments of Alaska including climate, glacier and biotic history including humans. Emphasis on events of the past that have left important legacies on present landscapes. The course begins with two weekend field trips and then surveys key literature describing Alaska's ice-age history. The focus is on Alaska and the Yukon, but topics will range more widely into other parts of the Arctic and its adjacent seas. Stacked with GEOG F478; GEOS F478

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in anthropology, biological Sciences, Earth science, geography, geoscience, or northern studies; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F678.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

GEOS F682      Geoscience Seminar
1 Credit

A weekly seminar, given by guest speakers, on a topic in geosciences. Students are expected to prepare for the seminars and to participate in discussion following the seminars.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Stacked with GEOS F482.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 0 + 0

GEOS F686      Vertebrate Paleontology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The study of vertebrate evolution through geologic time. Covers the temporal range, diversity and systematics of major vertebrate groups as documented in the fossil record, with an emphasis on current problems in vertebrate evolutionary pattern and process. Labs emphasize comparative morphology and identification of major vertebrate groups.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with BIOL F686.

Stacked with BIOL F486; GEOS F486.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

GEOS F692      Geol/Geophys Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F692A      Geology/Geophysics Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

GEOS F692B      Geology/Geophysics Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

GEOS F692P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F694      Trial Course
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

GEOS F698      Non-Thesis Research/Project
1-9 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

GEOS F699      Thesis
1-12 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0