Biology (BIOL)

BIOL F100X      Human Biology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall As Demand Warrants

Introduction to scientific methodology and biological principles with a focus on humans as biological organisms. Topics include organization of the human body, human genetics, human development and the relationship between our bodies and health. Includes lecture, discussion, lab and projects. May not be used as biology elective credit for a major in biological sciences. Note: Intended for non-science majors and those seeking preliminary instruction before beginning study in health-related areas. Offered through UAF Community and Technical College, eLearning & Distance Education, Northwest and Rural campuses as demand warrants.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F103L      Biology and Society Laboratory
1 Credit

Offered Spring

A laboratory section only of BIOL F103X designed for transfer students that are non-science majors who have completed a natural science course with no laboratory at another institution. This lab cannot be used as a biology elective by biological science majors.

Prerequisites: A natural science course with no laboratory and permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 3 + 0

BIOL F103X      Biology and Society      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring; Fall at Northwest Campus

Fundamental principles of biology; emphasis on their application to humans in the modern world. Lectures, laboratory demonstrations, experiments and discussions of contemporary biological topics. For non-science majors; cannot be used as a biology elective by biological science majors.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F104X      Natural History of Alaska      (n, a)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

The physical environment peculiar to the North and important in determining the biological setting; major ecosystem concepts to develop an appreciation for land use and wildlife management problems in both terrestrial and aquatic situations. May not be used as biology elective credit for a major in biological science.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F115X      Fundamentals of Biology I      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Introduction to the principles of biology for science majors, with emphasis on chemistry of life, cell structure, metabolism, genetics and animal form and function. Students for whom this course is required for their major will be given preference when space is limited.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in MATH F151X or higher; CHEM F105X, may be taken concurrently; or permission of the instructor.

Recommended: High school biology.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F116X      Fundamentals of Biology II      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Continuation of topics addressed in BIOL F115X, with emphasis on evolutionary biology, diversity of life, plant form and function and ecology. Students for whom this course is required for their major will be given preference when space is limited.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in MATH F151X or higher; CHEM F105X, may be taken concurrently; BIOL F115X; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F120X      Introduction to Human Nutrition
4 Credits

Offered Spring

This course provides students with a understanding of basic nutritional science and how the principles of nutrition can be used to achieve and maintain optimum health and well-being. Students will consider their own food choices in light of the scientific concepts covered in class. May not be used as a biology elective credit for a major in biological sciences.

Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F145      Introduction to Field Entomology      (a)
1 Credit

Offered Summer

An introduction to field entomology techniques. Emphasized will be professional procedures to collect and process (sort, mount, and label) non-marine arthropods. The skills necessary to identify most groups to Order will be taught. Students will create a collection from which specimens will be chosen for the University of Alaska Museum Insect Collection and the Teaching Collection.Note: This course cannot be used as a biology elective by biological science majors.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0.75 + 0.75 + 0

BIOL F150      Introduction to Marine Biology
3 Credits

Survey of marine organisms, evolution of marine life, habitats and communities of ocean zones, productivity and marine resources. For non-science majors; may not be used as biology elective credit for a major in biological science.Only available via eLearning & Distance Education.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F213X      Human Anatomy and Physiology I      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Integrated view of human structure and function for students in pre-professional allied health programs, biology, physical education, psychology and art. Covers cells, tissues and organs, skeletal and muscle systems, the nervous system, and integument.

Prerequisites: CHEM F103X or CHEM F105X; placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F214X      Human Anatomy and Physiology II      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Integrated view of human structure and function for students in pre-professional allied health programs, biology, physical education, psychology and art. Examines circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, endocrine and reproductive systems.

Prerequisites: BIOL F213X; CHEM F103X or CHEM F105X or permission of instructor.

Attributes: UAF GER Natural Science Req

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F239      Introduction to Plant Biology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Plant biology including plant form and function (morphology, physiology and development), ecology (including interactions with herbivores, pollinators and microbes), conservation, evolution and economic botany. Emphasis on vascular plants (particularly angiosperms) but includes comparisons with nonvascular plants.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F240      Beginnings in Microbiology
4 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

Fundamentals of microbiology. Survey of the microbial world, interactions between microbes and host, microbial human diseases, the environmental and economic impact of microorganisms. Provides background in basic and applied microbiology with emphasis on the role microorganisms play in human health and life. Offered at UAF Community and Technical College. Note: May not be used as biology elective credit for a major or minor in biological sciences.

Prerequisites: One course in high school or college-level biology required, or permission of the instructor.

Recommended: One course in chemistry.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F260      Principles of Genetics
4 Credits

Principles of inheritance; physiochemical properties of genetic systems.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; CHEM F105X; MATH F151X or higher.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F277      Introduction to Conservation Biology
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Introduction to the basic ecological, genetic, management, legal and historical developments in conservation biology, and focused efforts to manage biological diversity resources, with a status review of important habitats and endangered species.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X, BIOL F116X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F288      Fish and Fisheries of Alaska      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

This course will provide mid-level undergraduate students with an introduction to the biology and fisheries of Alaskan fish, shellfish and marine mammals with important finfishes as the main focus of the course. First, we will examine important recreational, subsistence and commercial shellfish and finfish species. Next we will briefly cover fisheries economics and then turn our attention to lesser known freshwater and marine fish species. Finally, we will conclude with a brief overview of marine mammal fisheries in Alaska. The amount of coverage of each of these topics will vary depending on what is known about each group of organisms. Before enrolling students should have a basic understanding of basic biological and ecological concepts. This course is required of all fisheries students but should appeal to anyone interested in Alaska's fish and fisheries.Prerequisites: BIOL F116X and FISH F101; or permission of instructor

Cross-listed with FISH F288.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F301      Biology of Fishes
4 Credits

Offered Fall

A broad overview of the biological diversity of fishes presented from the comparative and organismal perspectives. The course examines the relationship between physical and biological properties of aquatic environments and the anatomy, physiology, behavior and geographical distribution of living fish lineages. Topics include fish evolution, biogeography, classification, gross and fine anatomy, sensory biology, and form-function relationships. Topics are presented to highlight essential concepts generally relevant in biology.

Prerequisites: BIOL F116X or equivalent; junior or senior standing.

Cross-listed with FISH F301.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F305      Invertebrate Zoology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Classification, structure, function, evolution and life histories of invertebrate animals.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F271.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F310      Animal Physiology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Animal function, including respiration, digestion, circulation, nerve and muscle function, hormones and reproduction.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F312      Medical Physiology
3 Credits

This course focuses on pathology to teach advanced concepts in human anatomy and physiology. Case studies and diagnostic problem solving will be used to promote the application of knowledge.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X and BIOL F116X; or BIOL F213X and BIOL F214X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F331      Systematic Botany      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Classification of flowering plants with emphasis on Alaskan flora; taxonomic principles, classical and experimental methods of research. Preregistration is required to ensure that each student will prepare a plant collection.

Prerequisites: BIOL F239 or permission of instructor.

Recommended: BIOL F260.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 6 + 0

BIOL F335      Principles of Epidemiology
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Introduction to the basic concepts of epidemiology, with examples from human to veterinary medicine, including chronic and infectious disease epidemiology, social epidemiology, outbreak investigation, properties of tests, and an introduction to study design and surveillance.

Prerequisites: STAT F200X or higher or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F342      Microbiology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Morphology and physiology of microorganisms. The role of these organisms in the environment and their relationship to humans. Concepts of immunology. Laboratory stresses aseptic techniques for handling microorganisms.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; CHEM F105X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F360      Cell and Molecular Biology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall or Spring

An introduction to the structure and function of cells. Topics include: the structure and function of cellular components, including proteins, membranes and organelles; understanding how cells communicate; and how information is processed in the cell via DNA replication, transcription and translation.

Prerequisites: BIOL F260; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X or concurrent enrollment.

Cross-listed with CHEM F360.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F371      Principles of Ecology
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Basic principles in physiological, ecosystem, population and community ecology. Environmental factors and their influence on plants and animals. Structure, growth and regulation of populations. The ecosystem concept, biogeochemical cycles, and the structure and function of major terrestrial biomes.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; LS F100X or LS F101X or successful completion of library skills competency test; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F392      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 1-6

BIOL F392P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 1-6

BIOL F400      Capstone Project
0 Credit

This course should be taken by students during the semester they initiate a capstone research project. The capstone project may be completed within a designated course or by working individually with a faculty mentor; see the biological sciences program description for more information. The duration of the capstone project may exceed one semester.

Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F402      Biomedical and Research Ethics      (W, h)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Issues in biomedical ethics. Topics will vary but include discussion of moral principles and problems of research ethics and medical ethics, such as: animal and human experimentation; data management; informed consent; therapeutic and non-therapeutic research; physician/patient relationship; autonomy; assisted reproductive technologies; euthanasia; organ transplantation; and allocation of scarce medical resources.

Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; junior or senior standing; a course in philosophy, science, or nursing; permission of instructor.

Recommended: A course in philosophy, science or nursing.

Cross-listed with PHIL F402.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F403      Metabolism and Biochemistry      (W)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

Studies of the cells, genomics and proteomics of the nematode Caenorhabditis elagans have become a cornerstone of current biology. Using this simple and facile animal model, students will conduct their own biological investigations and, through this research learning, will gain an understanding of intermediary metabolism. Topics include major pathways of carbon, nitrogen, and lipid metabolism, structure and function of proteins, biological regulation and signaling, and longevity and aging. This course satisfies the writing-intensive requirement for a baccalaureate degree. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone project requirement of the biological sciences degree.

Prerequisites: COMM F121X or COMM F131X or COMM F141X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; BIOL F360 or CHEM F360; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 2 + 6

BIOL F406      Entomology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Biology of insects and related arthropods, with emphasis on evolution, ecology, behavior, biodiversity, morphology and systematics. Lab emphasizes identification and collection.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F371; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F412      Exercise Physiology
3 Credits

Physiology responses and adaptation to exercise in humans, emphasizing energy metabolism, adipose and lean tissue, central and peripheral components of oxidative metabolism and the environmental influences on these parameters.

Prerequisites: BIOL F213X; BIOL F214X; or BIOL F310; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F612.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F417      Neurobiology      (O, n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Organization and function of the vertebrate nervous system from the subcellular to the organismal levels. Neural bases of sensations, specific behaviors and homeostasis. Applications of basic neurobiological research to pathological conditions. Examples taken mostly from the recent vertebrate literature.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310; COMM F131X or COMM F141X; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F617.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F418      Biogeography
3 Credits

Offered Fall

This course explores the geography of life by examining linkages between climate, geomorphology, and ecological communities with emphasis on the biogeography of sub-Arctic, polar and alpine regions.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371 or NRM/BIOL F277; junior/senior standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F418.

Stacked with BIOL F618; GEOG F618.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F425      Mammalogy      (W, n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Variety of mammals, their behavior, life histories, identification, phylogeny and systematics, morphology, distribution and zoogeography.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; junior standing or above; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F426      Ornithology      (O/2, W, n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Evolution, anatomy, physiology, distribution, migration, breeding biology of birds, their classification and identification.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; COMM F131X or COMM F141X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F427      Ichthyology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Major groups of fishes, emphasizing fishes of northwestern North America. Classification structure, evolution, general biology and importance to man.BIOL F116X.

Cross-listed with FISH F427.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F433      Conservation Genetics
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Concepts of population genetics, phylogenetics, pedigree analysis, systematics and taxonomy as they apply to conservation of species. Evaluating the impact of small population size, population fragmentation, inbreeding, hybridization, taxonomic uncertainties and other factors on viability and management of species.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371 or equivalent; BIOL F260 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: BIOL F277; NRM F277.

Cross-listed with WLF F433.

Stacked with BIOL F633; WLF F633.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F434      Structure and Function of Vascular Plants      (W)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Morphology, anatomy and physiology of vascular plants, stressing the interrelationships between development, anatomy, growth, water relations, photosynthesis, transport and metabolism. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone project requirement of the biological sciences degree.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; F116X; MATH F151X; STAT F200X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; senior standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F435      Introduction to Biology of Cancer
3 Credits

Course covers current concepts and knowledge of cancer, including cancer research and cancer treatment.

Prerequisites: BIOL F360; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F635.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F441      Animal Behavior      (O/2, W)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Evolutionary and ecological principles of individual and social behavior, genetic and physiological basis of behavior, techniques of behavioral observation, experimental manipulation and analysis. Design and implementation of independent research project on live animals. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone project requirement of the biological sciences degree.Co-requisite: BIOL F481.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310; STAT F200X; COMM F131X or COMM F141X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 2 + 1

BIOL F455      Environmental Toxicology      (O)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Environmental toxicology will focus on the general properties and principles of persistent and/or poisonous (toxic) chemicals commonly encountered in air, water, fish and wildlife. Numerous natural and synthetic chemicals in the environment will be discussed from a global perspective with some bias towards Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.

Prerequisites: CHEM F451; BIOL F303; or one semester each of organic chemistry and cell or molecular biology; or permission of instructor; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or F213X; COMM F131X or COMM F141X.

Cross-listed with CHEM F455.

Stacked with BIOL F656; CHEM F655.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F456      Winter Ecology
3 Credits

Offered Fall

The focus of this course is on morphological, physiological and behavioral responses of animals and plants to winter conditions. Strategies of avoidance and tolerance of cold temperatures and low resources will be discussed. Analysis of physical and biological processes in seasonally snow-covered ecosystems. Includes principles of radiation and heat exchange, physics and chemistry of snow, thermoregulatory strategies in animals, and discussion of how winter affects trophic dynamics and population processes.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F457      Environmental Microbiology      (W)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

This course focuses on the role of microorganisms in environmentally-relevant processes including bioremediation of pollutants, biogeochemical cycling, corrosion and wastewater treatment, including current methods for studying microbial diversity and function.Stacked with BIOL F657

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F342; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: CHEM F451 or BIOL F303 or equivalent.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F458      Vertebrate Endocrinology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Introduction to the mechanisms of action and the roles of the main hormonal systems that operate in vertebrates. Hormone effects at the organ, tissue and (sub)cellular levels. Hormonal control of homeostasis and of specific behaviors. Examples to be taken mostly from recent comparative studies.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310 or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F458.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F459      Wildlife Nutrition      (O/2)
4 Credits

Offered Fall

The energy nutrient requirements of vertebrate animals in relation to their ecology, physiology and life history. Concepts and techniques used by wildlife biologists to understand relationships between wild animals and their habitats. Techniques for constructing energy and nutrient budgets of wild animals and applications of these budgets to population-level processes and habitat management. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone requirement of the biological sciences degree.

Prerequisites: COMM F131X or COMM F141X; BIOL F310; BIOL F371; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F460.

Stacked with BIOL F659; WLF F660.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F460      Principles of Virology
3 Credits

Offered Spring

This course will explore current concepts in the field of virology, with emphasis on the structure, genetic material, and replication strategies of various human and animal viruses. In addition, mechanisms of viral pathogenesis, viral diagnostics, prevention and treatment of viral infection will be presented.

Prerequisites: BIOL F342 or BIOL F360; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F660.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F462      Concepts of Infectious Disease      (O)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Covers infectious disease biology using examples of different pathogens and exploring the concepts of their biology and the implication of these principles on pathology, epidemiology and sociology of infectious diseases.

Prerequisites: BIOL F261 or BIOL F342; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F662.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F465      Immunology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Adaptive immune response including its components and activation from cells to molecules, clonal selection, antigen recognition, and discrimination between foreign and self. Concepts applied on the level of intact organisms addressing allergies, autoimmunity, transplantation, tumors and disease (AIDS).

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X and BIOL F116X and BIOL F310; or BIOL F213X and BIOL F214X; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with DVM F606.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F466      Advanced Cell and Molecular Laboratory
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Modern molecular biological techniques including protein and nucleic acid gel electrophoresis, western blotting, cell fractionation, cellular respiration, enzymology and fluorescence microscopy. Lectures will be supplemented with reading from the primary literature.

Prerequisites: BIOL F360, may be taken concurrent; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with CHEM F466.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1.5 + 4.5 + 0

BIOL F469      Landscape Ecology and Wildlife Habitat      (O)
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

A problem-based learning and critical thinking approach to modern methods in landscape ecology, including geographic information systems, remote sensing, modeling, software and the Internet. Graduate students are expected to help undergraduates with occurring problems and questions.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371 or equivalent; COMM F131X or COMM F141X.

Cross-listed with WLF F469.

Stacked with BIOL F669; WLF F669.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F471      Population Ecology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Biology of populations of plants and animals, including population structure, natality, mortality, population growth, regulation of population size, population interactions in competition, herbivory, predation and parasitism.

Prerequisites: A calculus course; BIOL F371.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F472      Community Ecology      (W)
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Structure of plant and animal communities and their organization. Structuring forces of competition, predation, herbivory, mutualisms, and the flow of energy and nutrients. Latitudinal gradients in species richness and biogeography. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone project requirement of the biological sciences degree.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F473      Limnology      (W)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

The ecology of inland waters emphasizing lakes and rivers. Lecture provides graphically oriented view of concepts. Laboratory involves team-based original research from proposal to manuscript. Student projects in this course may satisfy the capstone project requirement of the biological sciences degree.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F371; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or F213X or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F474      Plant Ecology      (n)
4 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Principles and contemporary topics in plant ecology. Autoecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology and evolutionary ecology.

Prerequisites: BIOL F239, BIOL F271, STAT F200X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F476      Ecosystem Ecology      (O, n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Focus on the biological and physical principles that govern functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Emphasis on how plants, animals and microorganisms control the movement of water, carbon and nutrients through ecosystems. Includes discussion of scientific literature and collection of original data.

Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or F213X; COMM F131X or F141X; BIOL F371; STAT F200X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0.5 + 0

BIOL F481      Principles of Evolution
4 Credits

Patterns and processes of evolutionary change are used to explore the unifying principles of the biological sciences. Basic models of population genetics, quantitative genetics, development, phylogenetics and systematics are used to build a conceptual framework for study of living systems. Note: STAT F200X may be taken concurrently.

Prerequisites: BIOL F260; STAT F200X; junior standing; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F681.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F483      Stream Ecology
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

The ecology of streams and rivers focusing on physical, chemical and biological processes.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F371.

Recommended: CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F485      Global Change Biology      (W, n, a)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Causes of climate change, the climate record, and the effects of past and forecast climate change on biophysical systems. Consideration of impacts on plants, animals, ice, and people with an emphasis on Alaska and the Arctic.

Prerequisites: BIOL F371; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F485.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F486      Vertebrate Paleontology      (n)
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The study of vertebrate evolution through geologic time. Covers the temporal range, diversity and systematics of major vertebrate groups as documented in the fossil record, with an emphasis on current problems in vertebrate evolutionary pattern and process. Labs emphasize comparative morphology and identification of major vertebrate groups.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310 or GEOS F315 or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOS F486.

Stacked with GEOS F686; BIOL F686.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F487      Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Analysis of some of the main models which explain evolutionary change, followed by consideration of the practical implications these models have on the study of biological phenomena in general.

Cross-listed with PHIL F487.

Stacked with BIOL F687; PHIL F687.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F488      Arctic Vegetation Ecology: Geobotany
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Arctic plants in relationship to Earth, including Arctic plant identification, climate, geology and geography controls on Arctic plant communities, snow ecology, applications to wildlife studies and current Arctic issues. Consists of lecture, labs and 1 winter field trip.Stacked with BIOL F688

Prerequisites: BIOL F115 and BIOL F116 or equivalent; BIOL F239 or BIOL F371; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 1 + 0

BIOL F489      Vegetation Description and Analysis
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Methods of vegetation science including sampling, classification, gradient analysis, ordination, field description and mapping. Field trips to the plant communities of interior Alaska.Stacked with: BIOL F689

Prerequisites: BIOL F239 or BIOL F233 or BIOL F371 or BIOL F331; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F490      Research Experience in Biology      (W)
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Provides undergraduate opportunities for student research in advanced life science topics beyond typical undergraduate laboratory or course offerings. Students are required to publicly present their work and submit a final report summarizing their work and suitable as a component of a submission to a discipline-specific journal. Research areas range across all life sciences subjects (evolution, ecology, physiology, cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, etc.). A substantial level of background in the specific discipline, a level commensurate with having achieved junior or senior standing, is assumed.

Prerequisites: CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 0 + 6

BIOL F492      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F492P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F495      Special Topics
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

BIOL F498      Research
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

BIOL F602      Research Design
3 Credits

Offered Fall

An introduction to the philosophy, performance and evaluation of hypothetical/deductive research in the biological sciences, with emphasis on hypothesis formulation and testing. Each student will develop a research proposal.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F602.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F604      Scientific Writing, Editing, and Revising in the Biological Sciences
3 Credits

Offered Spring

For students who are ready to produce a manuscript or thesis chapter. Topics include the publishing process (e.g., the role of editors and reviewers), preparing to write (selecting a journal, authorship), the components of the scientific paper, revising and editing manuscripts, and responding to reviews. Students will produce a complete manuscript.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing in Biology, Wildlife, or related discipline and permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F604.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F605      Animal Stable Isotope Ecology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Recent primary literature in stable isotope ecology, which uses naturally occurring variation in stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen and sulphur as markers of organismal and ecological processes. The focus will be on animal studies, including diet reconstruction, mixing models, food web, metabolism, nutrient allocation and migration.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F612      Exercise Physiology
3 Credits

Physiology responses and adaptation to exercise in humans, emphasizing energy metabolism, adipose and lean tissue, central and peripheral components of oxidative metabolism and the environmental influences on these parameters.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F412.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F613      Resilience Internship
2 Credits

Offered Fall

Students of the Resilience and Adaptation Program participate in internships to broaden their interdisciplinary training, develop new research tools, and build expertise outside their home disciplines. Internships are for eight to ten weeks of full time commitment and take place during the student's first summer in the program. In the autumn students meet to discuss their internship experiences and make public presentations.

Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F668; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with ANTH F617; ECON F613; NRM F613.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F614      Foraging Ecology
2 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The dynamics of herbivory, emphasizing the foraging process, and including mechanisms of feeding, feeding behavior, habitat and plant selection, physiological influences on feeding, plant and community level responses, plant defenses against herbivory and management of plant-herbivore systems.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F614.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F615      Systematic and Comparative Biology
4 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Concepts of systematic biology basic to a rigorous and complete understanding of modern evolutionary theory. Systematics provides the historical framework critical to a variety of comparative analyses in biology. Recent innovations in phylogenetic analyses will be explored in lecture and lab

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F616      Ecological Background for Resilience and Adaptation      (a)
1 Credit

Offered Fall

Provides the ecological background that is necessary for understanding the role of ecology in complex systems involving interactions among biological, economic, and social processes. Designed for incoming students of the Resilience and Adaptation Program (RAP), who have not received training in ecology.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with NRM F616.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 0 + 0

BIOL F617      Neurobiology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Organization and function of the vertebrate nervous system from the subcellular to organismal levels. Neural bases of sensations, specific behaviors and homeostasis. Applications of basic neurobiological research to pathological conditions. Examples taken mostly from the recent vertebrate literature.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F417.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F618      Biogeography
3 Credits

Offered Fall

This course explores the geography of life by examining linkages between climate, geomorphology, and ecological communities with emphasis on the biogeography of sub-Arctic, polar and alpine regions.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with GEOG F618.

Stacked with BIOL F418; GEOG F418.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F622      Current Issues in Conservation Biology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Critical discussion of contemporary issues concerning extinction patterns, population viability and the preservation, design and management of habitats for populations/species of concern. Stresses integration of principles and policies into strategies for biological conservation.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; BIOL F471 or WLF F410; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F622.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F628      Advanced Immunology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Advanced level of knowledge and understanding of the structural and molecular basis of the innate and adaptive immune responses in terms of a complex system.Cross-listed with CHEM F628

Prerequisites: BIOL F465; BIOL F261 or F360 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F632      Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology
3 Credits

This course will discuss bacterial structure, differences between bacterial families, and fungi and their pathogenesis. The basic principles of bacterial and fungal pathogenesis will be presented. Host response to bacterial or fungal infection, immunity and the role of vaccines in disease prevention will be explained.

Prerequisites: Successful completion of first semester veterinary courses.

Cross-listed with DVM F637; MSL F637.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F633      Conservation Genetics
4 Credits

Offered Spring

Concepts of population genetics, phylogenetics, pedigree analysis, systematics and taxonomy as they apply to conservation of species. Evaluating the impact of small population size, population fragmentation, inbreeding, hybridization, taxonomic uncertainties and other factors on viability and management of species.

Prerequisites: BIOL F260; BIOL F371 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: BIOL F277; NRM F277.

Cross-listed with WLF F633.

Stacked with BIOL F433; WLF F433.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F634      Veterinary Parasitology
2 Credits

Offered Spring

Biology of helminth, arthropod and protozoan pathogens of animals with emphasis on common infectious diseases encountered in veterinary practice will be discussed. In addition, the course will discuss treatment and management options for parasitic infections of domestic animals.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with DVM F638; MSL F638.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F635      Introduction to Biology of Cancer
3 Credits

Course covers current concepts and knowledge of cancer, including cancer research and cancer treatment.

Prerequisites: BIOL F360; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F435.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F639      Veterinary Virology
2 Credits

Offered Spring

This course will explore current concepts in the field of veterinary virology, with an emphasis on the viral structure, viral genetic material and viral replication strategies of various animal viruses. In addition, mechanisms of viral pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of viral infection will be presented.

Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.

Stacked with DVM F639; MSL F639.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F640      Veterinary Pathology/Biology of Disease I
5 Credits

Offered Spring

This course will discuss basic principles of disease with special emphasis on processes likely to be encountered veterinary practice. We will discuss these topics organized by underlying disease mechanism. The discussions will move from general cell mediated processes to more specific disease mechanisms.

Prerequisites: Successful completion of first semester veterinary courses.

Cross-listed with MSL F642; DVM F640.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 4 + 3 + 0

BIOL F644      Advanced Topics in Evolution
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Modern theory and subdisciplinary directions in the expanding field of evolutionary biology. Topics include adaptation, speciation, reinforcement, comparative method, group selection, phylogeography, advanced systematics, geographic variation and the role of evolutionary biology in society. May be repeated for credit when content varies.

Prerequisites: Undergraduate course in evolution; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F647      Global to Local Sustainability      (a)
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Explores basic principles that govern resilience and change of ecological and social systems. Principles are applied across a range of scales from local communities to the globe. Working within and across each of these scales, students address the processes that influence ecological, cultural and economic sustainability, with an emphasis on northern examples.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with ANTH F647; ECON F647; NRM F647.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F649      Integrated Assessment and Adaptive Management
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Interdisciplinary exploration of the theoretical and practical considerations of integrated assessment and adaptive management. Students survey concepts important in understanding societal and professional-level decision-making. Students work as individuals and as a team to undertake case studies with relevance to integrated assessment and adaptive management. The class builds a portfolio of cases and conducts an integrated assessment. The course is designed to fit into the sequence of Resilience and Adaptation Program's core courses. It is open to other graduate students interested in and prepared to conduct interdisciplinary studies relating to sustainability. Note: In case of enrollment limit, priority will be given to graduate students in the Resilience and Adaptation Program in order for them to be able to meet their core requirements.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667.

Cross-listed with ANTH F649; ECON F649; NRM F649.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F656      Environmental Toxicology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Environmental toxicology will focus on the general properties and principles of persistent and/or poisonous (toxic) chemicals commonly encountered in air, water, fish and wildlife. Numerous natural and synthetic chemicals in the environment will be discussed from a global perspective with some bias towards Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.

Prerequisites: CHEM F451; BIOL F303; or one semester each of organic chemistry and cell or molecular biology; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with CHEM F655.

Stacked with BIOL F455; CHEM F455.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F657      Environmental Microbiology
3 Credits

Offered Fall

This course focuses on the role of microorganisms in environmentally-relevant processes including bioremediation of pollutants, biogeochemical cycling, corrosion and wastewater treatment, including current methods for studying microbial diversity and function.Stacked with BIOL F457

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F342; CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: CHEM F451 or BIOL F303 or equivalent.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F659      Wildlife Nutrition
4 Credits

Offered Fall

The energy nutrient requirements of vertebrate animals in relation to their ecology, physiology and life history. Concepts and techniques used by wildlife biologists to understand relationships between wild animals and their habitats. Techniques for constructing energy and nutrient budgets of wild animals and applications of these budgets to population-level processes and habitat management.

Prerequisites: BIOL F310; BIOL F371; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F660.

Stacked with BIOL F459; WLF F460.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F660      Principles of Virology
3 Credits

Offered Spring

This course will explore current concepts in the field of virology, with emphasis on the structure, genetic material, and replication strategies of various human and animal viruses. In addition, mechanisms of viral pathogenesis, viral diagnostics, prevention and treatment of viral infection will be presented.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F460.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F662      Concepts of Infectious Disease
3 Credits

Offered Spring

Covers infectious disease biology using examples of different pathogens and exploring the concepts of their biology and the implication of these principles on pathology, epidemiology and sociology of infectious diseases.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; BIOL F261 or BIOL F342; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F462.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F665      Aquatic Entomology
2 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Aquatic invertebrate taxonomy, mostly to the family level, and ecology. Includes field trips to learn collecting techniques and habitats. Students must be able to safely wade in streams and wetlands.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with FISH F665.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1 + 3 + 0

BIOL F666      Scientific Teaching
2 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

This course explores methods for teaching science at the university level. Emphasis is placed on methods of course design, instructional techniques, assessment and course management that have been shown by research to improve student learning. This course is intended for graduate students in the sciences who have an interest in improving their teaching skills. The course format will be a mixture of discussion, workshops and seminars. If the course is over-enrolled, priority will be given to teaching assistants who are assigned to teach large, introductory level (100 or 200 level) courses during the semester they are taking this course.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of the instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F667      Resilience Seminar I
1 Credit

Offered Fall

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. A considerable portion of the seminar is student-directed, with students assuming leadership in planning seminar activities with the instructor.

Prerequisites: Student must be enrolled in Resilience and Adaptation graduate program; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647 (taken concurrently).

Cross-listed with ANTH F667; ECON F667; NRM F667.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F668      Resilience Seminar II
1 Credit

Offered Spring

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. The seminar provides support to each student planning his/her summer internship and preparing and presenting a thesis research prospectus.

Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with ANTH F668; ECON F668; NRM F668.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 0 + 0

BIOL F669      Landscape Ecology and Wildlife Habitat
3 Credits

Offered As Demand Warrants

A problem based learning and critical thinking approach to modern methods in landscape ecology, including geographic information systems, remote sensing, modeling, software and the Internet. Graduate students are expected to help undergraduates with occurring problems and questions.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing.

Cross-listed with WLF F669.

Stacked with BIOL F469; WLF F469.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F672      Ecosystem Processes
3 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

A comparative approach to the structural and functional components of terrestrial ecosystems, emphasizing primary and secondary production and the dynamics of nutrient cycling processes. Interactions between producers, consumers and decomposition processes, and effects on the efficiencies of nutrient and energy transfers.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 2 + 0

BIOL F675      Plant Physiological Ecology
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Physiological ecology of dormancy, germination, growth, photosynthesis, water relations and nutrition with an emphasis on northern and other stressful environments; relationship to community and ecosystem processes.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; BIOL F239; BIOL F334; BIOL F474; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F676      Interdisciplinary Modeling of High Latitude Global Change      (a)
4 Credits

Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Introduces students to approaches to modeling how regional and global environmental change influences biological and social systems in high latitudes and how the responses of these systems influence the regional and global functioning of the earth system.

Prerequisites: STAT F200X or equivalent; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with NRM F676.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F677      Advanced Topics in Plant Ecology and Systematics
3 Credits

Offered Spring

One of four topics is covered each year: 1) Current issues and concepts in plant population and community ecology. 2) Reproductive ecology--pollination, seed dispersal, breeding systems and coevolution. 3) Plant families of the world. 4) Plant-animal interactions--evolution and ecology.Note: May be repeated for credit when topic differs.

Prerequisites: BIOL F474; graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F679      Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

The goal of this course is to provide an overview of the cellular and molecular underpinnings of signaling in the nervous system. Discussions will be focused on properties of excitable membranes, synaptic transmission, and neurological integration. Fundamentals of the functional properties of neurons will provide the background for discussions of small neuronal circuits that regulate behavior, the cellular/molecular basis of learning and memory, and pharmacological approaches for the treatment of neuronal pathologies.

Prerequisites: Two F300-level courses in BIOL or CHEM; MATH F251X or MATH F230X; or permission of instructor.

Recommended: MATH F252X.

Cross-listed with CHEM F670.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F680      Data Analysis in Biology
3 Credits

Offered Fall

Biological applications of nonparametric statistics, including tests based on binomial and Poisson distributions, analysis of two-way and multiway contingency tables, and tests based on ranks; multivariate statistics, including principal component analysis, ordination techniques, cluster analysis, and discriminate analysis; and time-series analysis. Introduction to the use of the computer and use of statistical packages. Each student will analyze a data set appropriate to the student's research interests.

Prerequisites: STAT F200X; STAT F401; either graduate standing in a biologically oriented field; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with WLF F680.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F681      Principles of Evolution
4 Credits

Patterns and processes of evolutionary change are used to explore the unifying principles of the biological sciences. Basic models of population genetics, quantitative genetics, development, phylogenetics and systematics are used to build a conceptual framework for study of living systems.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing with courses in genetics, ecology and statistics; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F481.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 3 + 0

BIOL F686      Vertebrate Paleontology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The study of vertebrate evolution through geologic time. Covers the temporal range, diversity and systematics of major vertebrate groups as documented in the fossil record, with an emphasis on current problems in vertebrate evolutionary pattern and process. Labs emphasize comparative morphology and identification of major vertebrate groups.

Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed with BIOL F486; GEOS F486.

Stacked with GEOS F686.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F687      Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology
3 Credits

Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Analysis of some of the main models which explain evolutionary change followed by consideration of the practical implications these models have on the study of biological phenomena in general.

Cross-listed with PHIL F687.

Stacked with BIOL F487; PHIL F487.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 0 + 0

BIOL F688      Arctic Vegetation Ecology: Geobotany
3 Credits

Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Arctic plants in relationship to Earth, including Arctic plant identification, climate, geology and geography controls on Arctic plant communities, snow ecology, applications to wildlife studies and current Arctic issues. Consists of lecture, labs and 1 winter field trip.

Prerequisites: BIOL F115X and BIOL F116X or equivalent; BIOL F239 or BIOL F371; or permission of instructor.

Stacked with BIOL F488.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 3 + 1 + 0

BIOL F689      Vegetation Description and Analysis
3 Credits

Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Methods of vegetation science including sampling, classification, gradient analysis, ordination, field description and mapping. Field trips to the plant communities of interior Alaska.Stacked with BIOL F489

Prerequisites: BIOL F239 or BIOL F233 or BIOL F371 or BIOL F331; or permission of instructor.

Lecture + Lab + Other: 2 + 3 + 0

BIOL F692      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F692P      Seminar
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F695      Special Topics
1-6 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 1-6 + 0 + 0

BIOL F698      Non-Thesis Research/Project
1-12 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0

BIOL F699      Thesis
1-12 Credits

Lecture + Lab + Other: 0 + 0 + 0