B.S., Biological Sciences without Concentration

Minimum Requirements for Degree: 120 credits

Students must earn a C- grade or better in each course.

General University Requirements
Complete the general university requirements.
General Education Requirements
Complete the general education requirements.
As part of the general education requirements, complete:
MATH F230XCalculus Essentials with Applications3
or MATH F251X Calculus I
and CHEM F106X
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry II
B.S. Degree Requirements
Complete the B.S. degree requirements.
As part of the B.S. degree requirements, complete:
STAT F200XElementary Probability and Statistics3
or STAT F300 Statistics
Select one from the following PHYS sequences:8
College Physics I
and College Physics II
General Physics I
and General Physics II
Program Requirements
BIOL F115XFundamentals of Biology I4
BIOL F116XFundamentals of Biology II4
BIOL F260Principles of Genetics4
BIOL F360Cell and Molecular Biology3
BIOL F371Principles of Ecology4
Select one from the following:4-8
Animal Physiology
Human Anatomy and Physiology I
and Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Structure and Function of Vascular Plants
BIOL F481Principles of Evolution4
CHEM F321Organic Chemistry I4
CHEM F325Organic Chemistry II3-4
or CHEM F351 General Biochemistry: Metabolism
Electives 1,2
Organismal elective
Select one additional course from the following:3-4
List D
Biology electives
Select four additional courses at the 200 level or above, at least three of which must be from the following:16-20
Lists A, B, C, or D
Capstone 3
BIOL F400Capstone Project0
Satisfactory completion of a capstone research project which can be done either working individually with a faculty member or within one of the following courses: 4
Metabolism and Biochemistry
Structure and Function of Vascular Plants
Animal Behavior
Community Ecology
Total Credits75-85

At least one must satisfy the W requirement.


BIOL F397or BIOL F497 or BIOL F490, URSA F388 or URSA F488 courses may be substituted by petition for a maximum of two required elective courses in biology (3-4 credits of independent study or research per substituted course). The subject area of the independent study or research will determine which biological subject areas the credits satisfy.


Fulfills the baccalaureate capstone requirement.


Students working individually with a faculty member may, for example, take BIOL F490, BIOL F497 or do so without course credits.

Note: A foreign language is encouraged by the department in meeting requirements of the general education requrements.

Biology Elective Course Lists

Courses that satisfy upper-division elective credit may require prerequisites in addition to the required biology course.

List A - Cell and Molecular Biology

BIOL F342Microbiology4
BIOL F360Cell and Molecular Biology3
BIOL F403Metabolism and Biochemistry4
BIOL F417Neurobiology3
BIOL F435Introduction to Biology of Cancer3
BIOL F460Principles of Virology3
BIOL F462Concepts of Infectious Disease3
BIOL F465Immunology3
BIOL F466Advanced Cell and Molecular Laboratory3
CHEM F325Organic Chemistry II4
CHEM F450General Biochemistry: Macromolecules3
CHEM F351General Biochemistry: Metabolism3
CHEM F470Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience3
CHEM F474Neurochemistry3

List B - Physiology

BIOL F310Animal Physiology4
BIOL F335Principles of Epidemiology3
BIOL F342Microbiology4
BIOL F417Neurobiology3
BIOL F434Structure and Function of Vascular Plants4
BIOL F441Animal Behavior3
BIOL F455Environmental Toxicology3
BIOL F457Environmental Microbiology3
BIOL F458Vertebrate Endocrinology3
BIOL F459Wildlife Nutrition4
BIOL F462Concepts of Infectious Disease3
BIOL F465Immunology3
BIOL F412Exercise Physiology3

List C - Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

BIOL F371Principles of Ecology4
BIOL F418Biogeography3
BIOL F433Conservation Genetics3
BIOL F441Animal Behavior3
BIOL F457Environmental Microbiology3
BIOL F469Landscape Ecology and Wildlife Habitat3
BIOL F471Population Ecology3
BIOL F472Community Ecology3
BIOL F473Limnology3
BIOL F474Plant Ecology4
BIOL F476Ecosystem Ecology3
BIOL F483Stream Ecology3
BIOL F485Global Change Biology3
BIOL F486Vertebrate Paleontology3
BIOL F487Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology3
BIOL F488Arctic Vegetation Ecology: Geobotany3
BIOL F489Vegetation Description and Analysis3
WLF F301Design of Wildlife Studies3
WLF F410Wildlife Populations and Their Management3

List D - Organismal Biology

BIOL F301Biology of Fishes4
BIOL F331Systematic Botany4
BIOL F406Entomology4
BIOL F418Biogeography3
BIOL F425Mammalogy3
BIOL F426Ornithology3
BIOL F427Ichthyology4
BIOL F486Vertebrate Paleontology3
BIOL F489Vegetation Description and Analysis3